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英语话题材料
 
您现在的位置: 嵊州市甘霖镇中学 >> 教学资源 >> 教学设计 >> 英语 >> 九年级 >> 正文
英语话题材料
英语话题材料
作者:袁松祥 文章来源:本站原创 点击数:9837 更新时间:2009-11-11 14:12:21
Topic 1   介绍自己、他人(相貌、性格)
七上:Unit1 Unit3  七下:Unit7 八上:Unit6  九年级:Unit2
词汇
 1.介绍自己他人
My             我的
 mane           名字  
is               
sister           姐;妹  
mother          妈妈;母亲
father           爸爸;父亲
parent           父亲或母亲  
brother          兄;弟  
grandmother     祖母;外祖母   
grandfather      祖父;外祖父
friend           朋友  
grandparent      祖父(母);外祖父(母)
those           那些
are             
these           这些 
she             
he             
aunt            姨母;姑母;伯母;婶母;舅妈
son            儿子
cousin         堂(表)兄弟;堂(表)姐妹
daughter       女儿
himself        他自己  
used to         过去(常常)
2.描写外貌
uncle          叔;伯;舅;姨夫;姑父
hair           头发
tall            高的
 thin           瘦的
 heavy          重的
 3.描写性格
serious        严肃的
funny         有趣的,滑稽可笑的
smart          伶俐的
popular        受欢迎的
重点词组
七上 unit 1
1.ID card                身份证
七上 unit 3
2..family tree              家谱
3.family photo            全家照
4.Jim`s friend/aunt/cousin     吉姆的朋友/姨母/堂(表)兄(弟)
5.my parents                我的父母亲
6.his grandparents           他的祖父母
7.your sisters               你的姐妹们
8.two sons                 两个儿子
9.three photos              三张照片
七下 unit 7.
10.wear glasses             戴眼镜
11.a new look              一副新面孔
八上 unit 6
12.twin sister               双保胎姐姐(妹妹)
13.look the same            看上去一样
14.look different            看上去不同
15.the same as              ……一样
16.be different from          ……不同
17.as… as…                ……一样
18.between… and …         …………之间
九年级 unit 2
19.a fifteen-year-old boy       一个十五岁的男孩
重点句型
七上 unit 1
1. What’s your name?     你叫什么名字?
  My name’s Jim.        我叫吉姆.
  I’m Jim.              我叫吉姆.
2. What’s his name?      他叫什么名字?
  His name’s Tom.      他叫汤姆.
3. What’s her name    她叫什么名字? 
  Her name’s Gina.      她叫吉娜.
4. What’s your/his/her telephone number?  你的/他的/她的电话号码是多少?
5. What’s her/his family name?  她的/他的姓是什么?
6. What’s her/his first name?  /他的名是什么?
七上 unit 3
1. Is this your sister?   这是你的姐()?
  No, it isn’t.         ,她不是.
2. This is my friend.    这是我的朋友
  These are my friends. 这是我的朋友们
3. Is that your brother?  那是你的兄弟吗?
  Yes, it is.           是的
4. That is my brother.    那是我的兄弟.
  Those are my brothers. 那是我的兄弟们
 
七下 unit 7
1. What do you look like? 你长得怎么样?
  I’m short. I’m thin. 我个子矮,
2. What do they look like? 他们长什么样?
  They are tall.     他们个子高。
3. What does he look like? 他长什么样?
  He is tall.      他个子高
4. What does she look like? 她长什么样?
  She has short hair.  她有短发。
八上 unit 6
1. Pedro is funnier than Paul. 彼得比鲍尔风趣。
2. Tina is taller than Tara.  蒂娜比泰拉高。
3. Tom is more serious than Sam.  汤姆比山姆更健壮。
九年级 unit 2
1. You used to be short, didn’t you? 你过去很矮,不是吗?
  Yes, I did./ No, I didn’t.  是的,我很矮。/ 不,我不矮的。
2. I used to be really quiet.  我过去很安静。
  I didn’t used to like tests. 我过去不喜欢考试。
3. You used to have long hair. 你过去是长发。
  She used to have curly hair. 她过去是短发。
语法
1.特殊疑问句。
特殊疑问句由“疑问词+一般疑问句”构成,特殊疑问句不能简单地用yesno来回答。如:— Why can`t I see anything clearly?
 Because you played computer games too long.
2.一般疑问句。
   对某一种情况是不是事实提出质疑,通常可以用yes no 回答,一般疑问句通常要用声调。(1)若陈述句中含有be动词、情态动词或助动词,则只要把这些动词提到主语的前面就可将陈述句改为一般疑问句。如:She can cook. Can she cook?
3.一般过去时。
    表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示过去的时间状语 yesterday, just now, last year, two weeks ago 等连用,谓语动词用过去式。如:I saw Li Lei in the street yesterday.
4.一般现在时。
    表示现阶段经常发生的动作或存在的状态。常与 always, often, sometimes, usually, every day等表示频率的副词或时间状语连用。如:She often goes to school by bus.
 
5.比较级。
    形容词和副词有比较级。表示“较……”或“更……”的意思.比较级的变化有规则变化和不规则变化.: Pedro is funnier than Paul. Tom is more athletic than Sam
阅读理解
 Guess who is the most successful young writer in China? It is 24-year-old GuoJingming, who earned $1.4 million last year, according to the New York Times.
    Guo started his writing career in high school when he won first prize in a national writing contest in 2001. His first book, City of Fantasy, came out soon after the contest and went on to sell more than 1.5 million copies.
    Almost all Guo's novels include a shy hero who gets good grades. He mostly writes about the sad feelings of his young characters.  These teenagers deal with loneliness by sitting alone for long hours under trees and on rooftops. "Xiaosi (Guo's nickname), I will always be with you!" A reader wrote in Guo' s biog. "My main goal (目标) is to tell the story well and have .everyone like it," Guo said. 
    In fact, Guo is seen more as an idol than as a writer. His handsome outlooking, cross-dressing and strange actions make newspapers pay more attention to himself than his books. Many fans are eager to get his autograph.
But today he faces what may be more dangerous threat (威胁): even younger writers. The past few years have seen the rise of a group of teenage writers, sometimes called the "Post--90s" generation. However Guo seems to have plans to meet them. Next year, he will hold a national competition for these rivals (对手).
56. Why is Guo Jingming the most successful young writer in China?
   A. Because he is the youngest writer.
   B. Because he lives in New York.
   C. Because he got the greatest achievement.
   D. Because he likes writing novels.
57. When did he win his first prize?
    A. In primary school.            B. In high school.
    C. in college.                   D. After leaving school.
58. What does the word "idol" probably mean in Chinese?
    A. 年青人            B. 模特         C. 榜样         D. 偶像
59. Who will compete (竞争) with Guo in the following years.
    A. Famous writers.              B. Some teenage writers called "Post--90s".
    C. Some readers.                D. A shy hero.
60. Which is wrong according to the passage?
    A. There's a shy hero who gets good grades in most of his novels.
    B. His first book sells well.
    C. Guo wants to make every reader like his story.
    D. He wants to earn money through the competition.
 书面表达
假如你叫李华,你的朋友田甜将去美国。请你将她的基本情况介绍给你的英国朋友Rita,希望她们能成为朋友,并希望Rita能够去机场接她。请根据以下要点给Rita写一封信。
提示:1. 介绍田甜的年龄、外貌、性格及爱好。
      2. 田甜将去英国George Spencer School 学习一年,并将乘飞机于81日下午4点到达伦敦希斯罗机场(Heathrow Airport)。
注意:1. 词数80左右。
      2. 信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。
 
                                                              June 262008
Dear Rita,
How is everything going? I’d like to introduce my best friend, Tian Tian, to you.           
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                               
                                                                                
     Will you please be kind enough to meet her at the airport? Many thanks.
     Best wishes.
                                                                        Yours,
                                                                         Li Hua
 
 
Topic 2    谈论食物及如何订餐
七上:Unit6七下:Unit8八上:Unit7
重点词汇
1.水果
fruit 水果
banana 香蕉
pear
apple苹果
orange橙子
watermelon西瓜
2.食物
hamburger汉堡包
food食物
egg
chicken鸡,鸡肉
noodle 面条
dumpling饺子
duck鸭子,鸭肉
sandwich 三明治
bread面包
fish鱼,鱼肉
soup
ice cream 冰淇淋
3.蔬菜
vegetable 蔬菜
cabbage 洋白菜,卷心菜
potato土豆,马铃薯
tomato西红柿
4.其它
have吃,饮
ice
breakfast早餐
lunch中餐
dinner晚餐,正餐
drink饮料
bowl 
juice果汁,
tea茶,茶叶
rice 
menu 菜单
salt
butter 黄油
重点短语
some pears 一些梨
five tomatoes五个西红柿
eat fruit and vegetables吃水果和蔬菜
have chicken吃鸡肉
eat \have breakfast\lunch\dinner吃早饭/中饭/晚饭
eat well吃得好
lots of healthy food大量健康食物
some rice一些米饭
some dumplings一些饺子
beef and tomato noodles 牛肉西红柿面
mutton and potato noodles羊肉土豆面
a large\medium\small bowl of noodles一大/ /小碗面条
make a banana milk shake制作香蕉奶昔
turn on打开
turn off关掉
need to do sth. 需要做某事
two bowls of rice 两碗米饭
a cup of tea 一杯茶
重点句型
1.—Do you like bananas?
—Yes, I do.\No, I don’t.
2—Does he\she like pears?
—Yes , he\ she does.
—No , he \ she doesn’t
3—Do they like salad?
—Yes, they do.\No, they don’t.
4I like oranges. I don’t like apples.
5For breakfast, she likes eggs and oranges.
6.—Can I help you?
 —I would like noodles.
7. What kind of noodles would you like?
8. What size bowl of noodles would you like?
9. What size do you have?
10.I like fish and orange juice.
I don’t like onions ,green tea or porridge.
11.—How do you make fruit salad?
—First cut up three bananas. Next, put the fruit in a bowl. Next, put in two teaspoons of honey. Finally, mix it all up.
12.—How many bananas do we need?
13 .—How much yogurt do we need? 
语法
1.一般现在时.
表示现阶段经常发生的动作或存在的状态。常与 always, often, sometimes, usually, every day等表示频率的副词或时间状语连用。如:She often goes to school by bus. She likes apples.                                
2.描述想要的各种各样的食物would like                                                
3. how many +可数名词复数与how much不可数名词   
4.可数名词与不可数名词,不可数名词的数量用量词加of 的方法来表示,如a bowl of rice ,two pieces of bread                     
阅读理解
 
It is very important to keep yourself in good health.
    When you are sick, you will neither be able to study nor enjoy yourself.
One of the factors(因素leading to good health is to have a balanced diet.
                      Remember. "You are what you eat."

 

    You should eat more fruits and vegetables which contain (包含)a lot of fibre(纤维).
    Try to eat less fried food and choose foods that are boiled, steamed, baked or stewed. You should also cut down on oily, fatty and sugared foods and eat more food with carbohydrates(碳水化合物) such as rice, bread and cereals for energy,especially if you have a most active lifestyle.
    The basic rule to remember is to include something from EVERY food group at each meal using the suggested proportions(比例).
46. To stay healthy, one should
     A. eat whenever possible         B. eat food that tastes good
     C. keep a balanced diet           D. diet to lose weight
47. According to the Pyramid Diet, we should eat more
     A. fish and chicken              B. meat and vegetables
     C. butter and bread              D. bread and fruits
48. Carbohydrates provide our bodies with
     A. fibre        B. energy        C. oil         D. water
49.         food should be eaten less.
     A. Fried        B. Boiled        C. Baked      D. Stewed
50. To keep a balanced diet, we should eat something
     A. whenever we want to          B. in different proportions
     C. that is delicious               D. in the correct prop
 
书面表达
鸡蛋蘑菇汤是家庭很简单平常又有营养的吃法,请你用所给的原料简单介绍一下蘑菇汤的做法。80词左右。
Ingredients: mushroom, egg, peanut oil, relish, salt
How to make soup with egg and mushroom?
                                                                         
                                                                         
                                                                      
                                                                           
                                                                      
                                                                        
                                                                       
 
Topic 3   谈论规章制度
七下:Unit12 九年级:Unit3
 
重点单词
场所
1. classroom   n. 教室
2. gym   n. 体操,体育馆
3. hall   n. 大厅;过道
动作
4. study   v. 学习,研究
5. fight   n. 争论,打仗
6. outside   adv. 在外面
           prep. 在……外面
其他
7. rule   n. 规则,规定
8. * licence   n. 执照,许可证
            v. 打仗
9loud   adj. 大声的
10. member  n. 成员,会员
重点词组
学校场所
1.  in the hallways                      在走廊上
2.  in the music room                 在音乐室
3.  in the classroom                    在教室里
4.  in the dining hall                   在餐厅
学生行为
5.  arrive / be late for class       上课迟到
6.  listen to music                      听音乐
7.  wear sports shoes                  穿运动鞋
8.      be in bed by ten o’clock        10点之前睡觉
9.      talk loudly                           大声说话
10.   go out with friends               和朋友一起出去
11.   go out on school nights         在学习日晚上出去
12.   get ears pierced                    穿耳朵眼
13.   stay up until 11:00 p. m.                            熬夜至深夜十一点
14.   clean up rooms every morning             每天早晨打扫房间
15.   design our own uniforms                            设计自己的校服
16.   study in groups                                   小组学习
其他
17.   on school nights                   在上学的晚上
18.   too many rules                            太多规定
19.   allow sb. to do                     允许某人做某事
20.   not serious enough                不够严肃
21.   be strict with sb.                   对某人要求严格
22.   be good for                          对……有好处
23.   agree/disagree with               同意/不同意
24.   be serious about                    认真对待
重点句型
1.  Don’t run in the hallways. 别在走廊上跑步。
2.       We can eat in the dining hall, but we can’t eat in the classrooms.
我们可以在餐厅里吃东西,但不能在教室里吃。
3.       What else do you have to do? 你还得做其他什么事情?
4.       No talking. 禁止讲话。
5.  Anna is (not) allowed to choose her own clothes. 安娜()被允许挑选自己的衣服。
6.  He should stop wearing that silly earrings. 他应该停止戴那副可笑的耳环了。
7.  He needs to spend time with friends. 他需要花些时间跟朋友(呆一起)。
8.       I have to be home by 10:00 p. m. 我必须得在晚上十点前回家。
9.       I think teenagers should be allowed to (do)..... 我认为青少年应该被允许(做)……
重点句法
1.       Do you have to wear a uniform at school? 你在学校必须穿校服吗?
Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 是的。/ 不。
2.       Can you wear hats in school? 你们能在学校里戴帽子吗?
Yes, we can. / No, we can/t. 能。/ 不能。
3.       What else do you have to do? 你还得做其他什么事情?
We have to clean the classroom. 我们必须打扫教室。
4.  I think teenagers should be allowed to (do)..... 我认为青少年应该被允许(做)……
I agree ( with ) you. / So do I. / I do, too. 我赞同。
I disagree ( with ) you. / I don’t agree (with) you./ I don’t think so. 我不赞同。
语法
(一)  祈使句的用法 
祈使句一般以动词原形开头,表示请求、建议、命令、劝告等,通常省略第二人称主语you, 其否定式结构为在原形动词前加缩写的don’t; 还可在原形动词前加Do Never来加强语气。如:Do your homework after school.
                Don’t arrive late for class.
                Do be careful.
let引起的句子也是祈使句的一种结构。如:Let’s see the lions.
                                         Let me tell you the way to my house.
(二)  情态动词的用法
某些情态动词的肯定和否定形式常被用来表述各种规章制度。
We should/shouldn’t……
We can /can’t……
We must /mustn’t ……
We have to / don’t have to……
We need / needn’t ……
如:We can eat in the dining hall, but we can’t eat in the classrooms.
我们可以在餐厅里吃东西,但不能在教室里吃。
(三)  allow的用法
allow是实义动词,意为“允许、许可”,一般是指听任或默许某人去做某事,含有不反对的意味,其后常接动词的不定式形式,即allow sb. to do sth. “允许某人做某事,其否定形式don’t allow sb. to do sth.,其被动形式be (not) allowed to do sth.表示“(某人)()被允许做某事。如:Teenagers aren’t allowed to smoke. 青少年不被允许抽烟。
话题阅读
Different sports have different rules for the audience. For example, you have to keep quiet while you are watching gymnastics. But cheering can really help basketball and football players. So it's a good idea to learn about the culture and rules of sports. It will help you be good audience.
     Read the ticket carefully before you arrive. Try to reach your seat half an hour before the start of a game and don't walk about when the game is being held.
Using flash to take photos is quite disturbing to tennis players. Mobile phones can not be used in shooting centers.
     Horse riding is a sport for gentlemen. So control yourself. Don't get over- excited. Don't be noisy or wave flags. These can surprise the horses.
     During the marathon, your cheering is important to the runners. But don't trouble them. Don't offer them your water unless they ask for it. Your help may put them off.
(    )1. If a football match begins at eight o'clock, when is the best to arrive?
        A. At 7: 30.     B. At 7:45.     C. At 8: 00.     D. At 8: 30.
(    )2. According to the passage, in which of the L following games can't we 
use flash to take photos?
        A. Gymnastics.  B. Basketball.   C. Football.     D. Tennis.
(    )3. Who does the underlined word "they" in the reading refer toe
        A. Tennis players.               B. Audience.
        C. Runners.                    D. Football players.
(    )4. Which of the following sentence is right according to the passage?
        A. You can offer the marathon runners water at any time when they are running.
        B. Keeping quiet and waving flags can help the horses.
        C. Cheering can really help all of the players.
        D. We cannot use mobile phones in shooting centers.
(    )5. What is the best title of this passage?
        A. How to Be Good Players.
        B. How to Be Good Audience.
        C. How to Remember the Games.
        D. How to Help Players.
话题表达
学生应当遵守学校的规章制度。请根据图表的内容,在1-5小题的题号后用短语写出学校在这五个方面的要求。再用短文表述图表中的五点内容,并提出你认为中学生还应遵守的学校规章制度,选择其中一点或几点谈谈你的看法。词数80左右。
School Rules
School uniform
1.   
In class
2.   
Homework
3.   
In the library
4.   
Classmate
5.   
School Rules
Every school has its own rules for students.                                      
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                             
 
 
Topic 4    谈论国籍、居住城市、语言
七下:Unit1
词汇 
1.国家
China                    中国
Canada                   加拿大
Japan                    日本
Australia                  澳洲;澳大利亚
country                   国家
2.城市
New York                 纽约
Toronto                   多伦多(加拿大城市) 
Tokyo                    东京(日本首都)
3.语言
language                  语言
Japanese                  日语;日本人
Chinese                   汉语
4.其它
world                     世界
重点词组
1. come from/ be from       来自
2. a very interesting country  一个很有趣的国家
重点句型
1. Where is your pen pal from?  你的笔友那里人?
    He’s from Canada.   他是加拿大人。
2. Where does he live?  他住在什么地方?
  He lives in Paris.   他住在巴黎。
3. What language does she speak? 她说什么语言?
  She speaks English.   她说英语。
4. Where is Sydney?   悉尼在哪里?
  It’s in Australia.     在澳大利亚。
5. I can speak English and a little French. 我会说英语和一点法语。
语法
1.掌握特殊疑问句。
特殊疑问句由“疑问词+一般疑问句”构成,特殊疑问句不能简单地用yesno来回答。如:—Where is your pen pal from?  你的笔友那里人?
  He’s from Canada.   他是加拿大人。
 
 
2.一般现在时。
  表示现阶段经常发生的动作或存在的状态。常与 always, often, sometimes, usually, every day等表示频率的副词或时间状语连用。如:She often goes to school by bus.
阅读理解
There are some stories behind English words.
    You've spent a lot of time studying how to use English in a proper way. But have you ever wondered why English speakers say some of the things they say? For example, why do they say "an easy task"is "a piece of cake"? Why do the two let- ters "OK" means "all right"?
     Many English words and phrases have stories behind them. Sometimes these stories can help us look back into old western history. Let's take a look at a few of the original' common English words and phrases.
                                       OK
     "OK"was an American who lived in the 19th century. His name was "Old Kinderhook". In one year he was trying to take the place of the leader of his town. His supporters went around the town shouting "OK! OK!"The supporters thought their future leader was "all right". The expression caught on, and now if something is "all right", people like to say "OK!"
                                        Boss *
     Is your boss nice to you? If not, just be glad you weren't living in the old times. Back to that time, bosses could do anything had to their men and could even beat * them! That explains why the word "boss" comes from an old German word meaning "to beat".
                                        A piece of cake
     A famous American writer named Ogden Nash lived in the 1930s. Many read-ers enjoyed his poems and wrote them down in their notebooks. In one of his po-ems. Nash wrote. "Her picture's in the papers now, and life's a piece of cake. "His readers found these words interesting and quickly wrote them down. They thought that if one picture in a newspaper could make you famous, wouldn't life be easy?
     For nearly 70 years. "a piece of cake"has meant any task or activity that is easy.
(     )52. Some of English words can tell us stories about         .
       A. how people learned English
       B. how English speakers create the words
       C. how people spoke English
       D. how people taught others to speak English.
(     )53. The word "boss'in old German means"         ".
       A. to work      B. to help       C. to beat       D. to kill
(     )54. "OK"comes from"         ".
       A. Old King                     B. Old Kindman
       C. Old Kinderhook               D. Old Mcdonald
(     )55. In this passage "a piece of cake"meas"         "
       A. an easy task or activity        B. a difficult task or activity
       C. a simple newspaper to read     D. a famous picture in a newspeper
 
 
书面表达
      你的美国笔友Tonny 想学汉语来了北京,请给他写一封信,告诉他如何学习汉语。
要求:1. 语句通顺,书写工整。
      2. 可用所给提示词语,也可适当发挥。
      3. 词数:60—80.
(提示词语:go to Chinese classes, make friends, listen to the radio, dictionary, useful, read Chinese stories, talk with, difficult, ask a Chinese teacher for help…
                                                                                     
                                                                               
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
 
Topic 5    谈论个人爱好 
七上:Unit6 Unit9 Unit10 Unit12 七下:Unit3 Unit11 九年级:Unit6
一、表示食物的单词
1hamburger    n    汉堡包
2tomato     n       西红柿 
3orange    n       桔子
4ice cream    n     
5bananas     n     香蕉
6strawberry    n  草莓
7pear     n         梨子
8eggs     n          鸡蛋
9apple     n           苹果
10chicken     n       ,鸡肉 
 
二、表示电影种类的单词
1action  n        动作
三、描述性单词
1funny      adj.         有趣的
2interesting   adj.         有趣的
3sad       adj.           伤心的
4fun       adj.           有趣(的)
5boring    adj.           无聊的
6difficult    adj.         困难的
7strict       adj.        严格的
8smart       adj.        聪明的
9、*ugly      adj.        丑陋的
10friendly     adj.       友好的
11small      adj.       小的
12shy       adj.        害羞的
13clever        adj.     聪明的
14beautiful     adj.       漂亮的
四、表示活动的单词
1dance     v.        跳舞
2swim      v.         游泳
3sing     v.        唱歌
4paint     v.       油漆,画画
五、乐器名词:
1drum       n.            
2guitar      n.            吉它
3piano   n.               钢琴
六、科目
1P.E.      n.           体育
2art      n.           美术
3science   n.            科学
4music     n.           音乐
5math     n.               数学
6Chinese         n.            语文
七、动物名称
1tiger       n.          老虎
2elephant   n.           大象
3panda    n.           熊猫
4lion     n.            狮子
八、电视节目
1soap     n.            肥皂
九、饰品
1glasses    n.            眼睛
2scarf     n.            围巾
3watch    n.            手表
4key      n.          钥匙
5ring     n.             戒指
其它:
一、程度副词(修饰形容词)
1very          adv.    非常
2really      adv.        真正地
 
二、三餐:
1breakfast   n.早餐
2lunch      n. 午餐
3supper   n.  晚餐
4dinner  n.     正餐   
词组:
1play chess 下棋
2play the guitar弹吉它
3speak English讲英语
4a little一点点
5a little bit一点点
6kind of有几分
7talk show谈话节目
句型:
I can’t stand it 我不能忍受
谈论个人爱好及看法(九年级部分)
Book 3 unit6
词汇
其它词汇
heart               n. 心;内心
photograph=photo   n. 照片;相片
interest            v.
引起……关注;使……感兴趣
whatever          pron. 不管什么;无论什么;任何(事物)
miss              v. 错过;遗漏
suggest           v.  显示;间接表明;暗示
energy          n.  活力,力量
honest           adj. 诚实的;真诚的
course           n. 课程
expect           v. 期待;预料
sweet           v. 甜的
taste            v.品尝;尝起来
itself            pron. (反身代词) 它自己;他本身
lab=laboratory    n. 实验室
cancer          n  癌症
increase         v. 增加;增大
*main           adj. 主要的;首要的
短语
preferto (doing)=like better than   比…更喜欢…
remind of                           提醒…
on display= on show              展览
to be honest                          说实在的(作插入语,","隔开)
be good /bad for.                    对…有益/
stay away from                           …保持距离
sing along with                       随着…一起唱
dance to                            随着…一起跳
quiet and gentle songs                 优雅()音乐
sing the words clearly .                  吐词清楚
latest movie                           最新的影片
over the years                         多年来
be sure to do .                        一定要作某事
come and go                             来来往往
have a great/good/nice/wonderful time=have fun =enjoy oneself 玩的开心,过的愉快
a great place to visit                      一个游览的好地方
most of                               大多数
get together                             相聚
stay /keep healthy                        保持健康
take care of =look after=care for              照看,照顾
even if                                  即使…
句型
1. I like music that…                   我喜欢……音乐
2.I prefer music that …                 我比较喜欢……的音乐
3.Carmen likes musicians who…         卡门喜欢……的音乐家。。
4. Rosa likes music that’s quiet and gentle.  罗萨喜欢宁静、轻柔的音乐。
  句法
1. What kind of music do you like?     你喜欢什么样的音乐? 
    I like music that I can sing along with. 我喜欢可以跟唱的音乐。
  2. What do you dislike about this CD?    你不喜欢这张CD的什么内容?
    Some songs are too long. Some of the singers don’t sing the words clearly.
有些歌曲太长,有些歌手吐字不清晰。
  3. Why do you like this CD?                  你为什么喜欢这张CD
    This music is great because you can dance to it. 这音乐很棒因为你可以随之而舞。
4. What does it remind of you of?               它使你想起了什么?
—The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music.   这支曲子让我想起了巴西舞曲。
语法:定语从句 
复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。定语从句要跟在所修饰的名词或代词后面,被定语从句修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词。定语从句一般用关系代词whothatwhichwhose来引导,放在从句的句首使从句与主句相连,并在句中担当一定的成分,关系代词如果在从句中作主语就要用主格,如果做宾语就要用宾格,如果做定语就要用所有格。 
由关系代词引导的定语从句
关系代词
 
                          
that在从句中作主语或宾语
指物
1)        People will do something that makes you angry.(作主语)
2)        They can choose something that they like.(作宾语)
指人
1)        Who is the man that is reading the book over there?(作主语)
2)        The girl that we saw yesterday is Jim’s sister.( 作宾语)
Who在从句中作主语
指人
1)  You can’t wake a person who is pretending to be asleep.( 作主语)
2)  I love singers who write their own music.( 作主语)
 
任务型阅读
   同学们即将升入高中学习。请你根据以下五位同学的兴趣爱好,帮助他们选定各自感兴趣的高中选修课程,并将选修课的序号(A-E)分别填人答题卷的相应空格。
Subjects
3
 
Names
Hobbies

 

A. 
Peking Opera
 
1. 
________
 
Bill
He’d like to go to the USA one day. He likes Lincoln, Washington and other presidents. He wants to know more about this country.
 
B.
American history
2.
________
 
Linda
She enjoys delicious food. She often helps her mother with meals. She’d like to learn how to make dishes.
 
C.
Cartoon making
3.
________
Wang
Qiang
His hobby is to take photos. He hopes to do it better.
 
D.
Cooking
4.
________
 
Chris
Mei Lanfang is his favourite star. He likes Chinese traditional music. He often watches plays at the theatres or on CCTV-11.
 
E.
Photography
5.
________
 
Maria
She is good at drawing. She wants to learn how to make films like Mickey Mouse.
答案1.B        2.D         3.E         4.A         5.C
书面表达(仙桃市 潜江市江汉油田 2006年中考试卷)
提示:下面是一份关于学科爱好的调查表,请你根据自己的实际情况作出很喜欢、有点喜欢、不喜欢的选择,并在相应栏目内打“√”。然后根据如下要求写一篇70词左右的短文。文中不得出现真实的校名和人名。
要求:
1.把你所填的总体情况简要概述一下。
      2.任选一门学科,谈谈你喜欢或不喜欢的理由。
3.选择一门你认为学得不怎么好的学科,谈谈自己如何学好这门学科的打算,并
对该学科的老师提出希望或建议。
 
Subjects
Like a lot 
Like a little
Don’t like at all
Chinese
 
 
 
Maths
 
 
 
English
 
 
 
Physics
 
 
 
History
 
 
 
PE
 
 
 
 
One possible version:
We have many subjects this year. I like Chinese, English, History and PE a lot, and I like Maths a little. But I don’t like Physics at all. 
Chinese is one of my favorite subjects. I enjoy the way my Chinese teacher teaches in class. I learn a lot from him. That’s why I like Chinese best. 
I don’t like Physics at all, maybe this is why I cannot do it well. Sometimes, I find it so hard and boring.  
   I hope the physics teacher could be more patient, and try his best to make the class as interesting as other subjects. I will spend more time on physics, and ask the teacher to help me.  
 
Topic6   工作
七上:Unit4
一.重点词汇
(一)关于人物
1.  shop  assistant  n.店员
2.  doctor  n医生
3.  reporter ..n记者
4.  Policeman  n警察
5.  Waiter..n服务员
6.  Bank clerk  n银行职员
7.  policewoman  n女警察
8.  nurse  n护士
9.  thief  n小偷
10. children  n孩子们
(二)关于地点
1.hosoital..医院
2..TV station  n电视台
3.. police station..n 警察局
(三)关于物品
1. newspaper n报纸
2. magazine  n杂志
3. play  n戏剧,剧本
4. money  n
(四)关于形容词
1. sometimes  adv有时,不时
2.dangerous  adj危险的
3.young  adj年轻的
 
二.重点词组
1.work  with  sb  和某人一起工作
2.give  sb  sth  给某人某物
3.wear  uniform  穿制服
4.in  the  day  在白天
5. at night  在晚上
6.in  a  shop  在商店
7.in  a  hospital  在医院
8.kind  of  dangerous  一点点危险
9.talk  with  sb  和某人交谈
10.talk  to  sb  和某人交谈
11.every day  每天
12.ask sb sth  问某人某事
13.go out to dinners  出去吃饭
14Work  hard  努力工作
 
三.重点句型
1.I work with people and money.我和人民和钱打交道。
2.people give me their money or get their money from me. 人们给我他们的前或从我这里取钱
3.I work in the day and sometimes at night.我在白天工作有时在晚上
4.I wear a white uniform.我穿一件白色的制服
5.My work is interesting but kind of dangerous.我的工作是有趣的但是有点危险。
6.Do you like to work late?你喜欢工作的迟吗?
7.Do you like to work hard?你喜欢工作认真吗?
8.Do you like to work for a magazine?你喜欢为杂志社工作吗?
19.Come and work for us as a reporter.过来为我们工作作为记者。
11.Do you like to work with other young people?你喜欢和其他年轻人一起工作吗?
11Do you like to work evenings and weekends?你喜欢在晚上和周末工作吗?
 
四.重点句法
1.----What do you do?
----I am a reporter.
2.----What does he/she do?
 ----He /she is a student.
3.----what do you want to be?
 ----I want to be an actor.
4.----what does he/she want to be?
 -----He/she want to be a bank clerk.
 
五.阅读理解
When we ask students what they would like to be,they often talk about usual jobs,things like doctors or teachers.But if you think about it,many people don’t plan to do their jobs.They just start doing then by accident.We have talked to two people with unusual jobs.
Emily is a dentist but she doesn’t work with people. She work with horses. After university,she took care of animals’ medical health for several years, but she noticed that there were few people who could help with horses’ teeth. She decided to go back to college and study again.Then she had to buy special tools,but she’s never out of work.she’s always very busy taking care of horses’ teeth. I couldn’t be a dentist for people now.’’Emily said . because I really enjoys working with horses.
As soon as David could read, he  read books about robots.But the robots he builds today don’t look like the strange robot people in his books. He builds robots for industry. Early on he made up his mind to study science,maths and comuters so that he could break into the world of world of robot engineering. Some of mathsis very difficult,says David,But you must study maths to be engineer, Fortunately,he got top marks in all his maths exams.
1.       Emily doesn’t want to be a dentist for people because__________.
A. the pay is low               B.She has to buy special tools
C.she will be out of work        D.she likes working with horses
2.To become a robot engineer, David_________.
A.needed to worry              B.bought a lot of robots
C.had to study hard             D.didn’t have to go to college
3.David got top marks in all his maths exams.alithough_________.
A.maths was not easy to study
B.he had to study maths to be an engineer
C.he could break into the world of robot engineering
D.he made up his mind to study science,maths and computers
 
六.书面表达
假如你是一名初中毕业生,再过一个月你们就要毕业了,你们将迎来暑假,你们班队课正在以兼职工作的益处和弊处进行讨论,一些学生认为兼职工作是有好处的,可以丰富你的社会经验,可以丰富业余生活,可以赚取自己的零花钱 减轻父母的负担,而一些同学认为兼职工作会带了一些坏处,比如说会影响学习,会遇上一些危险。以part-time job为题,选择其中一个观点谈谈你自己的想法。(字数80左右)
Topic7    谈论天气
七下:Unit6
单词
天气、气候:
1. weather   n. 天气
2. rain   v. 下雨
3.windy  adj. 有风的;多风的
4. cloudy   adj. 多云的,阴天的
5. sunny   adj. 晴朗
6. snow   v. 下雪
7. hot    adj.  炎热的; 热的
8. cold    adj. 寒冷的;冷的
9. cool   adj.  凉爽的
10.warm   adj. 温暖的; 暖和的
11. heat   n.; 热度
12.winter   n.冬季
13. bad    adj. 坏的;劣质的
14.terrible   adj.很糟的,极坏的;可怕的
15. pretty   adj 相当;;
动作、 行为:
16. cook   v. 烹调;
17. study    v. 学习
18. lie   v.(现在分词lying)平卧;
19.surprised  adj.感到惊讶的
20. relaxed   adj. 放松的;得到休息的
其他:
21. beach  n. 海滩
22. group   n. 团体;
23. cool    adj.令人满意的;绝妙的
24.scarf    n.围巾
25. everyone  pron.每个人
26. man   n. 男人; ; 人类
重点词组
1.  on vacation       在度假; 在假期中
2.  take a photo            拍照
3.  look at                   ; 
4.  have a good time   玩得高兴; 过得快乐
5.  pretty good          相当好
6.  lie on the beach    躺在沙滩上
7.  wear scarfs             戴着围巾
8.  look cool         看起来很妙.
重点句型
1.  Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show.
感谢你参加中央电视台的《世界各地》节目。
5.       There are many people here on vacation.
有很多人在这里度假.
3.  Some are taking photos. Others are lying on the beach.
有些人在拍照.其他人躺在沙滩上.
4 Look at this group of people playing beach volleyball.
看这群在打沙滩排球的人.
5 I’m surprised they can play in this heat.
我很吃惊, 他们能在这么高温的天气打球.
6.  The people are really very relaxed.
人们真的很放松.
重点句法
4.       How’s the weather ( in Beijing)?    (北京)天气如何?
It’s raining.   下雨.
5.       How’s it going?    最近如何?
Great./Pretty good./ Not bad./ Terrible.   ./相当好./还不错./很糟糕.
6.       What are you doing?    你在做什么?
I’m watching TV.       我在看电视。
4.  What are they doing?   他们在做什么?
They are studying..     他们在学习 
5. ---What is he/she doing?    /她在做什么?
He/She is cooking.     /她在做饭
语法
 如何问天气呢?下面是谈论天气的一些常用语。
-----What’s the weather like today?  / How’s the weather today?今天天气怎么样?
(询问天气的一般用语。它们适于熟人、朋友或家人之间,用来了解过去或将来的天气情况。
-----It’s sunny/rainy/snowy/windy today?是个晴天/雨天/下雪天/大风天。
   How is / How's it going? 一切都好吗?/ 情况怎么样?
Great! 非常好! 
这里的how“How's the weather?”中的how一样,都是用来询问状况或情况的。 
动词go在这里的含义是(事情)进展,进行 
e.g. Everything goes well. 一切顺利。 
 1) 现在进行时表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作 ;
现在进行时是由be( am /is/are) + 动词现在分词构成形式的。
现在分词的几种构成形式: 
一般动词后直接+- ing. 
e.g. dodoing   seeseeing     flyflying 
②以不发音的e结尾,去e加-ing. 
e.g. taketaking  writewriting   rideriding 
③以一个元音加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节单词,先双写那个辅音字母,
再加- ing. 
e.g. sitsitting   cutcutting   stopstopping 
ie结尾的单词,先变iey,再加-ing. 
e.g. lielying   
2) 注意主语不同时,后面动词be应随主语改变: 
e.g. He is writing.   We are running.   I am doing my homework. 
3) .与现在进行时连用的时间状语最多的是now“现在,有时会有其它词作为提示词,如look, listen等。 
       e.g. Look! Who is running? 瞧!谁在跑步? 
Listen! Jim is singing. 听!吉姆正在唱歌。 
4.询问某人正在干什么?用这个句型:  What be +主语+doing? 
       e.g. What is he / she / Mr. Wang doing?   What are you / they doing? 
阅读理解(1)
Different weather makes people feel differentIt influences(影响)healthintelligence(
)and feelings
    In  Augustit is very hot and wet in the southern part of the United StatesPeople there have heart trouble and other kinds of health problems during this monthIn the Northeast and the Middle  Westit is very hot at some times and very cold at other timesPeople in these states have  more  heart trouble after the weather changes in February or March
The weather can also influence intelligenceFor examplein a 1983 report by scientistsIQ
(智商)of a group of  students was very high when a very strong wind camebut after the strong windtheir IQ was 10% lowerThe wind can help people have more intelligenceVery hot weatheron the other handcan make it lowerStudents in many schools of the United States often get worse on exams in the hot months of the year(July and August)
   Weather also has  a  strong  influence on people’8 feelingsWinter may be a bad time for thin peopleThey usually feel cold during these monthsThey might feel unhappy during cold weatherBut fat people may have a hard time in hot summerAt about 18℃,people become stronger
   Low air pressure(气压)may make people forgetfulPeople leave more bags on buses and in
shops on low—pressure daysPeople feel best at a temperature of about 18℃.
Are you feeling sadtiredforgetfulor unhappy today?It may be the weather’s problem
56         can cause problems on health
    AHot and wet weather               BA strong wind
    CWarm weather                    DLow air
57A  report shows that people may have more intelligence when          comes
    Arain       Ba strong    C very hot weather   Dlow air pressure
58According to(根据)the writerfat people may feel bad in         weather
   Acold       Bcool       Cwarm              Dhot
59The  writer wants to tell us that        
Ahot and cold weather influences all people in the same way
Bweather influences people’s behaviour
CIQ changes when weather changes
Dpeople feel good on low pressure days
60The best title(标题)for this passage is             
AHot Weather Causes Health Problems   BDifferent Weather Makes People Feel Bad
CWeather Influences Feelings   DWeather Influences HealthIntelligence and Feelings
56A  57B  58D  59C  60D
模仿写作:下面是一段哈尔滨的天气预报。请你根据所给的天气预报图,模仿该内容写一段宜昌的天气预报。字数40---60。计10分。
 
Here’s the weather report for the next 24 hours. Harbin will be windy today. There will be snow late in the afternoon. The temperature will be -2℃ to0℃ . Tomorrow will be cloudy. The highest temperature will be 2℃ . Thank you for listening. 
                    
Today: cloudy, heavy rain              Tomorrow: rainy and sunny
      2132                            2033
 
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Topic 8   谈论时间、日期
七上:Unit8 Unit11
重点单词
一.月份(months)
二.序数词
三、时间
1.  time           n.  时间
2.       hour            n. 小时
3.       night          n. 晚上
4.       morning        n.早上
5.       Saturday         n. 周六
6.       afternoon       n.下午
7.       evening        n. 晚上
四.其他
1.birth                    n.出生
2.age                     n.年纪
3.year                     n.
4.happy                    adj.高兴,快乐
5.date                     n.日期
6. letter          n. 
7.       round         adv. 大约
8.  me             pro.我(宾格)
9. soon            adv.不久
10. best             adj.最好的
11.   wish            n. 希望,愿望
12.   usually           adv.通常
13.   after             prep.……之后
14.   start             v.开始
重点词组
一.活动
1. go to school                 去上学
2.       get up                      起床
3.eat/have breakfast            吃早餐
4.take/have a shower           洗澡
5.go to work              去工作
6.brush ones  teeth      去刷牙
7.take a bus to a hotel       乘公车去旅馆
8.listen to music           听音乐
9.work all night           工作整个晚上
10.get home               到家
11.watch TV               看电视
12.go to bed                上床睡觉
13.do homework              做家庭作业
14.eat dinner                 吃晚饭
15.go home                  回家
二.其他
1.thanks for your letter        谢谢你的信
2.know about               了解
3.at around six fifteen          在大约615
4.tell me about your morning     告诉我关于你的早晨
5.best wishes                  最好的祝福
6.in the morning            在早上
7.in the afternoon           在下午
8.in the evening             在晚上
9. Speech  contest        n.   演讲比赛
10.English  Party           n.  英语晚会
11.School  Trip              n. 学校旅行
12.Art  Festival               n.艺术节
13.Birthday  Party             n.生日晚会
14Music  Festival           n.音乐节
15.basketball game            n.篮球赛
16.in January           在一月
17.on January first    在一月一日
18.have a basketball game   举行篮球赛
 
重点句型
1. What time /when ?
2. When is ’s birthday?
其他重点句子
1.  Scott works very long hours  Scott工作很长时间
2.  What a funny time to eat breakfast!吃早饭是多么有趣的事
3.  After breakfast he plays his guitar then he goes to work。早饭后,她弹吉他,然后去工作
4.  To get to workhe takes the number 17 bus to a hotel。为了去工作,他乘17路车去一家旅馆
5.  School starts at nine o’clock。学校九点开始上课
1.      Whats on in Shanghai
This March is a busy month in Shanghai There is lots to do Here are the exciting activities
Live music –Late Night Jazz
Enjoy real American jazz from John Davis the famous guitar player This is his third visit to Shanghai The first two were sold out so get your tickets quickly
PlaceThe Jazz Club       Dates15-23 March        Price;¥120
Time10 pm till late       Tel6466-8736
Scottish Dancing
 Take your friends and get ready to dance till you get tired Scottish dancing is fun and easy to learnTeachers there will teach you to dance
Place Jack Steins       Dates every Monday         Price:¥60
Time7am—10pm         Tel6402-1877
Exhibition—Shanghai Museum
 There are 120000 pieces on show here You can  see the whole of Chinese history Its always interesting to visit
Place Shanghai Museum           Datesdaily
Price:¥30(¥15for students      Tel6888-6888
TimeMonday—Friday 9am-5pm Weekends 9am-9pm
1.     If you want to watch Johns performance you can call at —————————— to book a ticket
A6466—1877        B6888—6888       C 6402—1877 
D 6466—8736
2 Bob and his friend want to go Scottish dancing they should prepare ——————for the ticket
A.¥180        B。¥120         C。¥90       D。¥60
3At 2 pm on Monday you can——————————
A enjoy real American jazz            
B take your friend to do Scottish dancing
C go to visit Shanghai Museum  
D see the whole of the world history
阅读理解
Friendship Restaurant
  We have different kinds of Japanese food hereTe food menu is in Japanese and Chinese All the waiters or waitresses can speak at least one foreign language
Tel:312—9997
Time:11:30 am—10:00 pm
Volunteer Project
Maybe you want to help others but dont know how to do it Then Volunteer Project will help youHere you will get the best idea of volunteering
Call 822—5566 to join it
E-mail addresslisahotmail.com
Dream Corner
Do you want to improve your English? Do you want to practice your English with native speakers? If yes, why not join the Dream Corner? Come here on Friday afternoon every week.
Red Bird Club
Do you like dancing? Do you want to show off your cool dance at parties?
Join us and make your dream come true.
Closed on Tuesday, 
Call 822—3331 for more information
The Underwater World
Here you will find different kinds of fishes and even some kinds of sharks. You will feel you are in the sea but of course this is not true. If you like fishes, I suggest that you pay a visit to it.
Time:9:30am—5:30pm
 
 
 
 
1.       In the Friendship Restaurant you can eat______food.
A. Chinese           B.Japanese         C. English        D. French
2. Sarah wants to do some volunteer work. She can call_______ to get some ideas.
A. 846—3809        B. 312—9997        C. 822—3331    D. 822—5566
3. Red Bird Club is closed on________
A. Tuesday         B. Monday       C. Saturday        D. Thursday
4. According to the ad, you can see _______ in the Underwater World.
A. volunteers       B. excellent dancers      C. sea animals   D. waiters and waitresses
5. If you want to practice English with native speakers, you can join_______
A. the Red Bird Club      B. the Volunteer Project
C. the Dream Corner      D. the Underwater World
书面表达
假如你叫李华,511日母亲节那天,你为母亲做了很多有意义的事,请你根据表格中所给信息,用英语写一篇日记
上午
你用零花钱给母亲买了一些鲜花,放在花瓶内
下午
你去市场买菜,为一家人做了一顿简单而可口的饭菜
晚饭后
你送母亲自己制作的贺卡,并祝她节日快乐:告诉母亲要多注意自己的健康,不要过度劳累,你还保证今后会帮助她做一些家务劳动:母亲感动得流下了眼泪
参考词:pocket money 零花钱      vase 花瓶             overwork 过度劳累        be moved to tears感动得流泪
 11th May       Sunday                       Rainy
     Today is Mothers Day I love Mother so much that I have done many things for her
In the morning I bought                      
                                   
                                 
                                 
                                      
                                 
                                      
 
下面是Gina对班上同学的周末活动进行调查后得出的结果。同学们的周末活动真是丰富多彩。想想你和你同学是如何度过周末的?写一篇名为“Weekend Activities”的文章谈谈你们的周末活动。
Watching TV   30%
Playing computer games 10%
Having sports  20%
Doing homework  40%
 
                   Weekends Activities
In my class most of my classmates have colorful weekends                      
                                                                             
                                                                             
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                         
 
 
Topic9   谈论服装及价格
七上:Unit7
重点单词
1.服装
1.       sock  n. 短袜
2.       shirt  n 男衬衣;衬衫
3.       T-shirt  n T恤衫
4.       shorts  n短裤
5.       sweater  n 毛衣
6.       shoe  n鞋子
7.       skirt  n.裙子
8.       clothes  n衣服,服装
2.颜色
9.       color  n颜色
10.   black  adj.黑色(的)
11.   white  adj.白色(的)
12.   red  adj.红色(的)
13.   green  adj.绿色(的)
14.   blue  adj.蓝色(的)
3.形状,大小
15.   big  adj.大的,广大的,重大的
16.   small  adj小的,小号
17.   short  adj 短的,矮的
18.   long  adj 长的
4.价格
19.   dollar  n
20.   ten  num
21.   eleven  num十一.
22.   twelve  num十二
23.   thirteen  num十三
24.   fourteen  num.十四
25.   fifteen  num.十五
26.   sixteen  num.十六
27.   seventeen  num 十七
28.   eighteen  num 十八
29.   nineteen  num十九
30.   twenty  num.二十
31.   thirty  num.三十
5.其它
32.   store  n.商店
33.   sale  n出售
34.   help  v 帮助;援助
35.   want  v需要,想要
36.   welcome  adj 不必表示感谢的
37.   come  v来,来到
38.   buy  v,购买,买
39.   price  n.价格
重点词组
1.how much       多少     
2. have a look at
   看一看
3. a very good price  
优惠的价格
4. clothing  store   服装店
5. on sale  大减价
重点句型
1. I’ll take it 
2.. We have great bags for just $4. 
  最棒的书包我们只卖四美元!
3.. Do you need bags for sports or school?
  你需要体育用包和上学用的书包吗?
4.. For girls, we have T-shirts in red, green and black for only $3!
  我们给女孩子准备了红的,绿的和黑的T恤衫,只卖三美元!
5. Anybody can afford our price! 任何人都可以负担我们的价格。
5. Come and see for yourself at Huaxing Clothing Store !
  到Huaxing来,为你自己购物吧!
6. Here you are.  给你。
7. You’re welcome.
不用谢。
重点句法
1. ——How much is this T-shirt? 这件T恤衫多少钱?
 
—— It’s seven dollars. 七美元
2. ——How much are these socks?      这些短袜多少钱?
   ——They’re two dollars. 二美元。
3. ——Can I help you?  我能帮你什么忙吗?
   ——Yes ,please. 是的。
4. ——Thank you  谢谢
——You’re welcome  不用谢
语法
1. 购物时,要问某种物品多少钱,用how much来问, 意思是多少钱
  当how much 用来询问价钱时,动词be的形式要根据它后面的名词来
  变化,如果其后面的名词是单数,就用is, 如果是复数就用are
  
如:How much is this pen?   It’s three dollars.
  这支钢笔多少钱?   三美元。
  How much are these pants?   They’re 20 dollars.
  这条裤子多少钱?  二十美元。
2 .
表示颜色的词的用法。
  表示颜色的词是形容词或名词。 如:
  This T-shirt is green.  (adj.)   这件T恤衫是绿色的.
  I like that yellow schoolbag. (adj.)   我喜欢那个黄色的书包。
  Red is my favorite color.  (n.)  红色是我最喜爱的颜色。
3.
基数词的用法。
  除了one, 其余的基数词修饰可数名词时,名词必须变成复数形式。
  如:one dollar  一美元
  three dollars  三美元
  fifty children  五十个孩子
阅读理解
Dear Lily,
  When you go to Huaxing Store, could you please return(退) my new soccer ball shoes? They are black. I don’t like the colour. Please get another one in blue. They’re on sale and cost $40. The receipt(收据) is in the box with the shoes.
                                                                 Thanks, Mike.
(      )51. What does Mike buy in Huaxing Store?
        A. Pants.               B. Shoes.                      C. T-shirts.            D. Sweaters.
(      )52. Why doesn’t Mike like his new shoes? Because __________________.
        A. he doesn’t like the color          B. they are too small
        C. they are too cheap                          D. they cost too much
(      )53. What color shoes does Mike like now?
        A. Black.               B. White.                     C. Yellow.                    D. Blue.
(      )54. How much are the shoes?
        A. $40.                 B. $60.                  C. $70.                         D. $30.
(      )55. Where is the receipt?         
        A. It’s in the shoes.                                   B. It’s in the shoe box.
        C. Mike lost it.                                   D. It’s in Huaxing Store.

书面表达:(10分)
    红星服装店有一批服装要大拍卖。有短裤、长裤、裙子、毛衣等。请你为他们写一则60个词左右的广告。
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
 
  Topic 10  Transportation
八上:Unit4
一.单词
交通工具类
train          n.火车
bicycle        n.自行车
car            n. 小汽车
by             prep. 
地区名称类
stop           n.车站
river          n.河流
town           n.城镇
part           n. 地区
minute         n.分钟
kilometer      n.公里,千米
mile           n.英里
 
描述词类
so             adv. 这么;那么
north          adj.北方的
far            adj. 远的
quick          adj.快的
early          adj.早的
ill            adj. 生病的
数字类
forty          num.四十
fifty          num.五十    
sixty          num.六十  
seventy        num.七十  
eighty         num.八十  
ninety         num.九十  
hundred        num.一百  
more           adj.& adv. 更;更多的
than           conj. 
其他类
depend         v.依靠
shower         v.淋浴
worry          v.担心
must           modal v. 一定
much           adv. 十分;非常
 
二.词组
take the bus/car/ taxi/ train/ subway/plane/boat/ship 
ride a bike                               骑自行车
=go…by bike
=go…on one’s  bike  
take a walk                               步行
=go…on foot 
by land                                   陆路
by river                                  水路
bus ride                                  乘汽车之行
how far                                   多远
10 kilometers away from school            离学校十公里远
how long                                  多长时间
ten minutes’walk /ride                   步行/骑车十分钟
leave for …                              前往
leave…for…                              离开
around /all over the world                     全世界
train/bus/subway station                      火车/汽车/地铁车站
depend on                                 决定于
be different from                         不同
some…,others…                          一些,另一些
a small/large number of +n.(可数)…      少量/许多
worry about sb./sth                      担心某人/某事
=be worried about sb./sth.
三.句型
1.—How do you get to school?  你怎样到达学校? 
--I ride my bike.            我骑自行车。
    --How does he get to school?  他怎样达到学校?
-- He walks to school.        他走着去学校。
    --How do they get to school?  他们怎样到达学校?
--They take the train.         他们乘火车。
  2.--How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学校有多远?
– Its three miles.                    三英里。
3.-- How long does it take?      要花费多长时间?
--It takes about forty minutes.    大约四十分钟。
  4. –How does Nina get to school?  Nina 怎样到达学校?
    --First. Then  Next     首先….然后… 下一步…
  5. Dont worry.               别着急。
  6. Thank you so much.           非常感谢!
四.句法
 1. How do you get to school?
 
   I take the bus to school.
   I get to school by bus.
   I get to school on the bus.
 take the bus/car/ taxi/ train/ subway/plane/boat/ship
=go…by bus/car/taxi/train/subway/plane(air)/boat/ship(sea)
=go…on the bus/train/subway/plane/boat/ship
=go…in the car/taxi
五.语法
1.花费
It takes sb. some time to do sth.   去做某事花费某人一些时间
 
Sb. spend(s) time/money  doing sth. 某人花时间、钱做某事
                        on sth     某人花时间、钱在某物上
Sb. pays money for sth    某人为某物付钱
Sth. costs  sb money       某人花费某人钱
 
2. hundred/thousand/million
two hundred (thousand,million) 二百//百万
hundreds of / thousands of /millions of  数百//百万
 
.六.阅读理解:
    Traffic is a big problem in many cities around the world. Traffic is especially bad during rush hourthe time when people go to work or school and the time when they go home. Many people take buses, subways, or trains to work, but many other people drive their cars. As a result, the streets are very busy, and traffic is very bad. 
    Many cities are trying to solve their traffic problems. Some cities are building more roads. Other cities are expanding their bus and subway systems. 
    Many cities are trying to reduce the number of cars on their roads. Some highways have carpool lanesspecial lanes for cars with two, three, or more people. In some cities, people drive their cars only on certain days of the week. For example, in Athens, people with license plate numbers ending in 0 through 4 drive on some days, and people with numbers ending in 5 through 9 drive on other days. 
    Every day around the world, more and more people drive to and from work in more and more cars. As a result, traffic is a global problem. 
    根据内容,回答问题。
    Please write down the solutions(解决方法)of traffic problems according to the passage. 
  1. _______________________________
  2. _______________________________
  3. _______________________________
  1_______________________________
  2_______________________________
4. Your idea to solve the traffic problems:
________________________
七.书面表达
    你的朋友Lily打算从北京来看望你,根据图示内容写一封信,告诉她如何到你家。开头已给出。词数:70左右
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
Dear Lily,
    I'm very glad you are coming to visit me.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
 
阅读答案
1. build more roads
      2. expand the bus and subway systems
      3. reduce the number of cars on the road
      (1) Some highways have carpool lanes—special for cars with two, three or more people.
      (2) In some cities, people drive their cars only on certain days of the week.
  4..
Topic11    谈论名人
八上:Unit9
词汇:
1.描述动作
born              出生        
become           成为 
call              称呼  
skate             滑冰
tour              观光
could             可以
2.描述人物
kind             和蔼的 
grandson         孙子        
number          号码
alive            活着的
3.描述地点
university        大学  
national          国家的
4.其它类
piece           篇,幅
gold           金子,金的
record          记录
短语
1. too...to             ...而不能
2. take part in    参加(......活动)
句型:
1. That's Deng Yaping. She is a great ping-pong player. 
2. Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.
3. He began to learn the accordion at the age of four.
句法:
1. When was he born? 
He was born in 1895. 
2. Who is Shirley Temple? 
  She is a movie star.
3. When did she become a movie star?
  When she was three years old.
4. How long did he hiccup? 
  He hiccupped for 69years and 5 months.
语法:
Grammar studies动词一般过去时的构成及用法
一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,动词通常用一般过去式来表示。除动词be的过去式waswere有人称变化以外,其他所有动词的过去式没有人称和数的变化。  
一般过去时否定形式的构成是在谓语动词前加did not,可缩写为didn'tdid 没有人称变化。这时谓语动词就应该用原形,而不能再用过去式了。因为助动词did已经是一般过去时了。如:
My mother didn't go to work yesterday.
He didn't play football with his classmates. 
一般过去时疑问句的构成同样借助于助动词did(除就主语提问外),将did放在主语前,谓语动词用原形,词尾加问号即可。简略回答也使用助动词did如: "Did you go to the museum last Saturday?"  "YesI did./NoI didn't"  "Did you have a good time at the party?"  "Yeswe did./Nowe didn't"
阅读材料:
A
The 2.26 –meter –tall Yao Ming made his NBA debut ( 初次登台) on October 23, 2002v and got 6 points (得分) for the Houston Rockets in the game. The next day, he got 13 points in another game.
Yao Ming, 22, has been a star in China for some time, but it is still a question whether he can play well in the NBA. Yao Ming said,” When you watch it on TV , it looks very easy, But when you are playing in the NBA, it is really not so easy.” He said that joining the Houston Rockets was a new start and a new challenge (挑战).”I hope that through very hard work I can make everyone happy and help the Rockets win more games, “ He said. 
 Yao Ming speaks some English. Both he and his teammates can understand each other. They don’t think there is a language problem. While Yao Ming faces this new challenge, the people of Houston have shown treat interest in him and they hope Yao Ming will bring new energy(活力) to the Rockets. The team has started having lessons to learn more about China, and many people who work for the Rockets have learned to speak some Chinese.
(      ) 1. Yao Ming is ___ 
A. basketball player B. a saler player C. a ping-pong player D. we don’t know
(      ) 2. On October 23, 2002, Yao Ming player his ____ game in the NBA. 
A. fist B. second. third  d. fourth 
(      ) 3. Yao Ming won ___ points in the first two games for the Houston Rockets. 
        A.  6  B  13  C.  19   D  . 23 
(      ) 4. Yao Ming thinks that ___
 A. it is boring to play basketball B. it is difficult to watch NBA games on TV
C. playing in the NBA is not easy D. he is an NBA star.
(      ) 5. What do you think the passage probably(大概) is ?
A. An  advertisement( 广告 ) B. A notice (通知 
C. An instruction. (说明书) D.  A news report 
B
Many American presidents in the 19th century were born in poor families. They spent their childhood in little wooden rooms. They got little education. Washington and Lincoln, for example, never went to school and taught themselves. Lincoln once did jobs as a worker, a shopkeeper and a post officer in his early years. A larger number of US presidents had experiences in the army. The two best known were Ulysses Grant and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Grant was a general(将军) in the American Civil War. It happened that they came from the same school—West Point Military Academy(西点军校). One may be surprised to learn that both of them didn’t do well in the school. Eisenhower, for example, was fined(罚款) because he broke the rules of the school.
  The jobs of the US president are tiring. He must keep an eye on everything important which happened both at home and abroad. Every day, a lot of work waited for him to do and he had to make many important decisions. When Franklin Roosevelt was a child, he was once brought to visit President Taft. The old president said to him, “When you grow up, you should not be a president. It’s a tiring job.”
Choose the best answer according to the passage.
(   )1. In the nineteenth century, many US presidents _______.
A. got poor education during their childhood 
B. didn’t like to go to school in their early years
C. got good education during their childhood  
D. hadn’t any knowledge in their work at all
(   )2. How many US presidents who came from West Point Military Academy are mentioned?
A. One.     B. Two.     C. Three.   D. Four.
(   )3. In the last paragraph, the underlined phrase “keep an eye on” means “_______”.
A. pay no attention to      
B. take care of 
C. never sleep all the day
D. look at everything with one eye
(   )4. What can be inferred(
推测) from the passage?
A. Most of the people who had studied at West Point Military Academy became presidents.
B. Only those who didn’t study well at school could be presidents. 
C. All the American presidents were born in poor families. 
D. Many American presidents had served in the army before they took office.
(   )5. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. In the US, no one wanted to be president. 
B. US presidents’ jobs are important and tiring.
C. None of the presidents except Taft would like to do the tiring job.
D. President Taft didn’t want Roosevelt to be a president because he was too young
书面表达:             
Directions you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay no less than words on the following topic.  
    Newspapers and magazines have special interest in the private lives of famous people.
    What can you explain it
    What effect it will have on the people being exposed
    And what is your opinion of it
 参考范文:
    In recent years many newspapers and magazines focus on the activities of film stars pop singers and some other famous men and women. Reporters disguise their identities infiltrate the subject's business and family or even bug and wiretap them——to get the news by whatever means are necessary.
    It is not difficult to explain the reason for their surprising amount of interest in famous people's lives. They are in the spotlight renowned or notorious they are the topic of ordinary people who like to know everything about them. To satisfy their curiosity or “the people's right to know” journalists often find it their duty to report their activities.
More over what matters to a newspaper or a magazine is the number of readers. A large readership means the rise in the circulation of their publications hence a huge profit. Since film stars and pop singers are newsworthy figures and their stories draws far more attention than those of other people it is natural that the press tries to attract them to buy their magazines by featuring private lives of famous people.
    How ever those exposed people can be severely injured by such press attention. Sensational stories about their private lives cause great unhappiness to them. To escape reporters they can't even lead a normal life. Sometimes their lives will be in danger. For example Princess Diana died in a car accident as she attempted to escape photographers in a chase through Paris.
Topic 12     学习策略 
九年级:Unit1
单词

 
unless  conj.  如果不,除非
regard  v.  视为
duty n. 责任
influence n. 影响
friendship n. 友情
lose v. 失去
development n. 发育,成长
face v. 面临
soldier n.军人

 
词组

 
deal with 处理
worry about 担心
learn to do sth 学会做
be angry with..的气 
stay angry 保持生气这种状态
go by (指时间)过去,消逝
decide (not) to do sth 
决定()
last for long 持续长时间
complain about 抱怨
change… into…转变为
try one’s best 尽力做……
break off  突然中止
with the help of…的帮助下
compare… to… 相比较
regard…as… 当作

 
句型
Rich or poor, young or old, we all have problems.
无论是富有还是贫穷,是年轻还是年老,谁都有烦恼.
or 连接一对反义词表示“无论是还是,都…”之意
又如,
Early or late, you should finish your homework.
无论迟早你都要完成你的家作.
It is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge.尽力去处理每一个挑战是我们的责任. 
此处是形式主语,真正的主语是不定式短语所表达的内容.类似于
It is important to read English as much as possible.
尽可能多地读英语是重要的.
Let’ s not worry about our problems.让我们不要去担心我们的麻烦了.
Let sb (not )do sth  让某人()做某事 又如
Let’s play basketball this weekend, OK?
句法
And unless we deal with our problems, we can easily become unhappy.除非我们处理好了我们的问题,否则我们很轻易变得不高兴.
unless = if not,引导一个条件状语从句, 
I f we don’t deal with our problems, we can easily become unhappy.
也可用or来改写
We should deal with our problem, or we can easily become unhappy.
By learning to forget.通过学会忘记(来解决麻烦)
By 是一个介词, 表示通过的途径来解决什么样的问题.本句完整的就为:
We can solve the problem by learning to forget.
阅读策略
要求能选用词典中所给的多种意思中选出符合语境的合适意思
 
阅读理解
       A
Letter 1
Whatever I do, I always think bout if other people will like. How can I stop worrying about what they think?                                        -Eva, 14, Illinois
Letter 2
My dream is to be on the Olympic team for gymnastics. My dad thinks I started too late and I’ll never be able to make it. He puts me down, but I want his support. What should I do?
                                                     -Erica, 9, Texas
Letter 3
What sdould I do if I failed a test? I’m afraid to tell my mom because she might get mad at me and I can’t play soccer. And soccer is like the word to me.   -Ashley, 12, Wiscosin
Letter 4
I just moved and I’m kind of shy, so how do I make new friends?
                                                    -Jesica, 11, Canada
Dr. Molly’s Answer
You should tell him about your dream and that if you work really hard, I might happen even though you start late. The sooner you tell your dad how you feel, the sooner you’ll be able to work on making your dream come true.
Dr. Molly’s Answer
Nobody knows you are at your new school You have nothing to lose, so gather up all your courage and go over to someone who looks friendly and introduce yourself. You can ask that person about your teacher or the other kids in your class to break the ice. Good luck!
Dr. Molly’s Answer
It’s better to tell your mom the truth than for her to find out another way. When you tell her, explain why you failed the test. Ask her if she can help you study in the future, so you’ll do better on your tests and also have time for the soccer you love.
Dr. Molly’s Answer
Just be yourself and try not to care about what others think, The more you think about it, the worse you will fee. Always act strong and confident. Even if you are a little unsure of something, don’t doubt your abilities to do things right, Just relax.
1. Erica’s dad doesn’t support her because he thinks she        .
   A. is a little shy and can’t do it well    B. didn’t start at a very early age
   C. is too young an can’t do it well         D. doesn’t work hard
2. According to Dr. Molly, Eva should        .
   A. hold on to her dream                        B. always tell the truth
   C. be brave to say hello to others           D. be confident of herself
3. Which is the correct order of Dr. Molly’s answers to the four letters?
   A. ①④③②          B. ③④②①                C. ④①③②                      D. ②③①④
                                      B
Did you see snow in your hometown last winter? Did you feel it was warmer than before? "There have been 21 warm winters in China since 1986," said scientists. They also said that in the past 100 years, as the global (全球的) temperatures went up by 0.74 °C , the temperature in North China has climbed 1.4 °C in only 50 years.
China needs to take quick action to cut carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) emission (排放)because it's the main reason for global warming. The good news is that China has seen the importance of going green. China set the goal of cutting energy use by 20 and pollution emission by 10 in the 11th Five-Year Plan.
Can you slow global warming? Sure! You and your family can take steps to cut the amount of carbon dioxide that is sent out into the air.
Here are some pieces of advice to help you save the earth.
Wear used clothes. Wearing your brother's, sister's or dad's old T-shirt means you save the energy.                                                                        
Change your light bulbs (灯泡). Use energy-saving light bulbs. And don't forget to turn off the lights when you leave a room and turn off your television and computer when they are not in use!
Ride the bus. Taking a bus saves a lot of oil every year.
Say no to plastic bags. The next time your parents go to the market, ask them to use baskets
Open a window. Don't use the air conditioner (空调), and let some fresh air in. When you have to use the conditioner, set the temperature higher in the summer and lower in the winter to save energy
Make small changes in your daily life. Don't use paper cups, bags and boxes.
It's time for all of us to do something to save the earth.
根据短文内容,选择正确答案,并将其字母代号填入答题卷相应空格内。(共5小题, 每小题2, 满分10分)
4. The main reason for global warming is ____.                               
A. the oil                                  B. carbon dioxide
C. paper cups, bags and boxes                 D. televisions and computers
5. The word "energy" in the second paragraph means "_______"                  
A. 活力         B. 干劲             C. 精力             D. 能源
6. How many pieces of advice are there in this passage?                         
A. Three.         B. Four          C. Five.         D Six
7. Which of the following is true?                                        
A. It's a pity to wear your dad's old T-shirts.
B. Using air conditioners may be a waste of energy.
C. Taking a bus wastes a lot of oil every year.
D. Using paper bags saves energy a lot.
8. The passage is mainly about the ways to ____.                               
A. slow down global warming                      B. make energy
C. change our daily life                     D. change the world weather
书面表达
 你的美国笔友Tonny想学汉语来到了北京,请给他写一封信,告诉他如何学习汉语。(10分)
     要求:1. 语句通顺,书写工整。
           2. 可用所给提示词语,也可适当发挥。
           3. 词数:60~80
    (提示词语:go to the Chinese classes, make friends, listen to the radio, dictionary, useful, read Chinese stories, talk with, difficult, ask a Chinese teacher for help …
 
Topic 13   谈论旅游地点
相关单元:九年级 Unit7
相关词汇
词汇、短语:
旅游名词:sight, *tower, church, *general, wine,*Pacific dream, 
动词:*considertranslateprovidesailcontinuereport
形容词:livelyundergroundlightwonderful
 
相关短语:
take it easy, in general, thousands of, be willing to, as soon as possible, quite a few, dream of, hold on to, come true, would like to do, go on vacation, some day, one day, somewhere relaxing, consider doing, one of the liveliest cities, take the underground, translate for sb, provide sb for sth, sail across the Pacific, continue doing, 
 
相关句型:
Where would you like to visit?        I’d love to visit Mexico.
Where would you like to go on vacation?  I hope to go to France some day.
Where would you like to go    I’d like to go somewhere relaxing.
I love places where the people are really friendly.
 
相关语法:
1.Where  would you like to do? 句型的问答
2. 不定代词的用法。
3. 定语从句。
4. one of +形容词最高级+名词复数
 
相关阅读材料
C08 丽水)
Two magazines recently listed the best cities to live in. Here are two of the cities listed as “the world’s best.”
SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA  The city has comfortable weather all year round (15°C to 26°C ). Housing is not very expensive in San Jose. Also, many of the city’s older neighborhoods are very beautiful and have small hotels and cafés(咖啡馆). Beautiful mountains are around the city. You can visit them easily from San Jose. So lots of people go sightseeing there every year. But air pollution is a problem in the city center.
HONG KONG, CHINA This lively city—once a small fishing village—is today an international business center. It is an interesting mix of East and West, old and new. Modern tall buildings are next to small temples (庙宇). Popular nightclubs are close to traditional teahouses. Busy people fill the streets at all hours of the day. But outside the city, there are parks for walking or relaxing. Hong Kong is famous for its wonderful native dishes. There’s also food from Europe, North America, and other parts of Asia. However, this small city has a large population. Nearly seven million people live in Hong Kong! That’s why housing is often very expensive. Traffic and air pollution are also a problem.
61. Which of the following is not mentioned about San Jose?
A. The weather.                 B. The mountains.        C. The air.        D. The traffic.
62. What makes Hong Kong the world’s best according to this passage?
A. The lively city and the wonderful dishes. B. The beautiful mountains and the lively city.
C. The expensive housing and the food.           D. The city and the people.
63. The writer thinks housing in Hong Kong is expensive because     .
A. it was a small fishing village             B. it is a mix of East and West
C. it is famous for its wonderful food       D. there are too many people in the city
64. What do the two cities have in common?
A. They both have beautiful mountains.     B. They both have a large population.
C. Air pollution is a problem in both.        D. They are both crowded.
65. From the passage, we can know that     .
A. San Jose and Hong Kong are the only two cities of the world’s best
B. San Jose has more natural sights than Hong Kong does
C. the weather in both cities is fine 
D. Hong Kong is the more popular city of the two
 
61. D        62. A        63. D        64. C      65. B
 
A(07 乐清)
In the northeast of the USA, there are six small states. Together they are called New England. The most important state of New England is Massachusetts. Its capital city is Boston with a population of just over half a million which is the largest city in New England. Greater Boston is made up of 28 cities and towns. It has a population of nearly three million, which is half the population of Massachusetts.
  Boston was founded in 1630. The American Revolution began here when the people of Boston took up their arms to fight their English rulers. The Boston Tea Party is one of the most famous happenings in American history. Americans were very fond of tea, and much tea was brought to the port of Boston. The British government was looking for more ways to get money out of America colonies(殖民地). So it put a big tax() on tea. That made the Bostonians angry. They rushed (涌到)to the port and onto a ship there. They threw all the tea into the sea. This led to a war between the people of Boston and the British soldiers. Thus the American Revolution began.
注释:
Massachusetts 马萨诸塞(美国东北部的一个州)
31. The state of Massachusetts has a population of ___________.
A.Half a million      B. nearly 3 million       C. about 6 million        D. 2.5 million  
32.The British government put a big tax on tea because _________.
A.She could get a lot from it
B.The American people liked tea very much
C.The people of Boston often had tea parties
D.Tea was too expensive at that time
33. The American Revolution began when __________.
A.The Bostonians began to fight British soldiers for tea tax.
B.Boston was founded in 1630
C.The people of Boston had no tea to drink
D.Tea was first brought to the port of Boston 
31—33 CAA
                    
书面表达
五、书面表达(共20分)(07 乐清)
415,星期日,天气晴朗,一批新加坡学生来你校参观,你陪他们玩了一天,请根据下面表格的内容写一篇日记。
 
时间
地点
活动安排
8:00
校门口
欢迎新加坡学生约20人到校参观
8:30-10:00
校园内
参观教学楼,寝室,座谈会
10:00-11:20
操场
友谊足球赛,
12:30
校门口
集中并带新加坡学生去新华书店 
13:00—16:00
新华书店
选择并购买了几本书和光盘
注意:
1.  注意日记格式
2.  字数 80-100
3.  文章中不要出现你的真实姓名和学校
寝室:dormitory    光盘:disk       新华书店:Xinhua Bookstore
 
 
书面表达(15分)(08 广州)
假设你的外地朋友李华“五一”节期间来探访了你,你为他安排了一系列的活动。请你根据下面的活动日程表写一篇英语短文,作投稿使用。
注意:
  1. 词数:80个词左右;题目及文章的开头已给出,但不算在总词数内;
  2. 可适当增加细节,使行文连贯;
  3. 不能在答卷上透露个人的任何信息(例:具体的学校和姓名等),否则答案作废。

 

A Happy Holiday
    My friend Li Hua came to visit me on May Day. During the following days I showed him around the city.
 
 
Topic 14    谈论如何提供帮助
相关单元:九年级 Unit8
相关词汇:
名词:advertisement, *website, pleasure
动词:coach, fix, repair, fill, cannot, imagine, *shut, carry, fetch
形容词:similar, blind, deaf
 
相关短语:clean up, give out, put off, set up, think up, take after, fix up, give away, put up, ask for, hand out, work out, at once, cheer up, help (sb) out, not only… but also, sb spend some time doing
coach so forhelp sb (to) do
相关句型:
I’d like to work outside.    You could help clean up the city parks.
I’d like to join the school volunteer project, but I’m not sure what I should do.
What do you like doing?
I love playing soccer.
Well, you could help coach a soccer team for little kids.
He looks sad. Let’s cheer him up.
We’re going to set up a food bank to help hungry people.
We need to come up with some ideas.
 
相关语法:
1.宾语从句。
2. 动词短语的用法,名词里外都可放,代词要放在动词短语中间。
 
相关阅读材料:
D08丽水)
In every country, there are thousands of people who want to help out. Many join organizations run (管理) by their governments, for example, the Peace Corps in the United States and Voluntary Service Overseas in Britain. Since the powerful (猛烈的) earthquake took place in Sichuan, more than 200 thousand volunteers across China have been helping there! They do all kinds of work or come up with ways to help improve life. Some offer their professional skills for free. Others have no qualifications (资历), but they love to work hard to help.
One of the most famous volunteers in the world was Mother Teresa. She could be the best volunteer because she gave her life to helping the poorest people of Calcutta. She helped the homeless, cared for the sick, gave out food, and became the mother of those without families.
Now more and more teenagers actively look for volunteering opportunities, too. They volunteer because they think it will be fun or they will learn something. They also like the idea of being helpful to others, even if it is just handing out books for the teacher. As they get older, these reasons are still the same, but there are other important reasons for volunteering such as learning on-the-job, getting work experience, and improving their social life.
All volunteers bring joy to the people they help in so many ways. They might read books to the blind, fix up broken homes, find ways to get water for villages. Could you be a volunteer? What kind of volunteer work could you do? There is someone in the world who needs you.
66. The Peace Corps is      in the United States.
A. a city           B. an organization               C. a volunteer                     D. a school
67. The word those in the passage means     .
    A. the homeless    B. the sick             C. the poor                    D. the kids
68. What is NOT the reason for teenagers to be volunteers according to the passage?
A. They want to make more friends.                B. They want to be helpful.
C. It helps them get work experience.          D. It can improve their social life.
69. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Volunteers need qualifications.               B. Volunteers offer their help without any pay.
C. Young kids can’t be volunteers.         D. Some volunteers bring joy to others.
70. What is the main idea of this passage?
A. The world needs volunteers.             B. Mother Teresa was a great volunteer.
C. Volunteers do all kinds of work.        D. There are different ways of volunteering.
66. B        67. D        68. A        69. B      70. A
 
C07 温州)
      Do you read advice columns in newspapers and magazines? Do you think they are helpful to everyone who reads them? Here are some
Dear Sally
I’ve got a problemMy good friend Lana in my science class asked me to lend her my exercise book so she could copy my answersShould I do it. Sally? I don’t want tobut I’m afraid that if I don’t give it to her she won’t be my friend any longer              
                                                                Carmen
Dear Carmen 
Of course you can’t give her your exercise bookThat’s cheatingand you could get into big trouble if you do that        
                                                               Sally
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dear Sally
1 was at friend’s house for dinner last SaturdayDuring dinnerI broke a beautiful plateIt was my friend’s favorite wedding giftI wanted to pay for itbut she didn’t agree with meI feel bad about it              
                                                                 Kay
Dear Kay
I think you did the right thingIt was important to offer to pay for itbut it’s not surprising that she said noPerhaps you could give her a special gift instead              
                                                                 Sally
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dear Sally
My son is 24 years oldHe finished college last yearbut he can’t seem to find a job that he likesI’m worried that he’s not trying hard enough to get a job and live on his ownHe sleeps till noon every dayAlso I’ve been cooking his meals             
                                                                   Lisa
Dear Lisa,
You’re making it too easy for him to stay where he isTell him he has two months to find a job (any job) and get his own placeHe’s old enough to take care of himself      
                                                                  Sally
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
53Lana wanted to borrow Carmen’s____________
  Aplate    Bscience book    Cdictionary Dexercise book
54What’s Kay’s problem?
  AShe broke her friend’s plate    BShe lost her exercise book
  CHer friend didn’t like her giftDHer son didn’t find a job
55Sally suggested that Lisa’s son should______
  Afind an interesting job      Bsleep till 9 o'clock
  Cfind a job in two months   Dlook after his mother
56Which of the following is NOT true?
  ACarmen and Lana are good friends
  BLana wanted to copy Carmen’s answers
  CLisa’s son finished college at the age of  22
  DKay’s friend liked the plate very much
 
相关任务型阅读(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)(07 金华)
下面是四位同学写给《21世纪中学生英文报》编辑Lee的求助信。在信中,四位同学分别谈了自己在学习或生活中的问题。
(A)请将四封信与问题进行配对,并把序号ABCD填入9194题题后相应的横线上。
        

 
The student finds it difficult to fall asleep.                                             91.       
The student doesn’t know what to say to strangers.                                92.         
The student doesn’t know how to learn English well.                              93.       
The student doesn’t know if she should still stay with her best friend.       94.       
 

 
 
 
 
 
(B) 假如你是编辑Lee,请针对第一位同学John的问题,提出一条建议。            
 95.                                                                                   
 
 
Topic 15   谈论遇到的问题及提出建议
相关单元:八上Unit2;八下Unit2;八下Unit8
相关单词
相关人体部位名词back arm eye foot hand head leg mouth neck nose tooth ( teeth)
相关疾病名词cold fever headache illness toothachedentist
其他相关名词:car problem moment mouse snake pig rabbit company winner progress way present
相关动词have rest should get play surprise fail return include push send receive cost open enter encourage suggest mention could choose believe stay hear
相关形容词或副词thirsty weak so early traditional few important wrong fit personal special asleep given rather instead nearly clearly interested either
相关连词: until 
相关代词 themselves
相关介词except besides 
相关短语have a fever ; stressed out ; have a headache ;lie down and rest; be sorry to hear that; What’s wrong ?out of style ; surprise sb.; send …to …; by oneself ; 
get sb. sth.; too personal; not special enough; how about…?what about …?easy to take of ;too difficult to take care of; too big to sleep in the house; encourage sb. to do sth.. ;make friends with; give away; fall asleep; 
相关句型:
1What’s the matter (with …)? /What’s wrong ?
Maybe you should /shouldn’t…
That sounds a good idea.
I hope you feel better soon.
2.What should I get my sister ?
Why don’t you….?
What/How about + sth.?
That’s too boring/personal/…
That’s not special enough .
Sounds good.
语法:
Should +do ; shouldn’t +do “该做……;不该做……”
could +do“可以做……”
 
相关阅读材料:
嘉兴市2008年初中毕业生学业考试,
阅读理解A
Important tips for better flash(闪光灯、闪光)photos
Don't stand too far back from your subject. The flash on most cameras will not cover any subject well over three metres away. Even in non-flash photos many photographers stand too far away from their subjects. As a resultthe subjects are small with great areas of unimportant background.
Watch the background carefully and be sure there are no mirrors or shiny things to reflect(反射)the flash back to the camera lens(镜头).
When taking pictures of peopleask them not to look into the lens but at a point over your shoulderbecause it is very possible that the flash will reflect from their eyes and there will be red eyes in the photo.
If taking a picture of a babybe sure the room is as light as possible so that the flash does not hurt his/her eyes.
   1.To avoid red eyes in the photothe best place people should look at is          .
A. the sun in the sky
B. the mirror behind the photographer
C. the lens of the camera
D. a point over the photographer’s shoulder
   2.Which of the following is the right way to take a flash picture of a baby in a room?
          A. Making the room as light as possible.
          B. Having the baby sit in front of a mirror.
          C. Helping the baby look at the camera lens.
          D. Keeping the baby five metres away from the camera.
   3.When taking flash pictureswe should be sure that      .
          A. there is noting shiny in the background
          B. there are interesting things in front of the subjects
          C. there are as many beautiful things as possible in 
the background
          D .there are great areas of black or dark background
嘉兴市2008年初中毕业生学业考试,
阅读理解D
 
Would you know what to do during a big earthquake(地震)?Scientists have some advice for us.
If the ground begins shaking while you are drivingstop your car on the road-side and stay in it. If you are in a tall buildingdon't use the lift and never jump out of the windows. When you are in a living roomfind a strong table or rush into a smaller room like washroom. Then lie down your body. Take care of your head. When you are in a public placelike supermarket or cinemadon’t crowd in jam(拥挤),or you may fall over and get hurt. Cross your arms to protect yourself. You can also find a place to hide.
After the main shakequickly run out of the dangerous building for there will be small earthquakes. If you are saferemember not to engage the phone licekeep it free for rescue(援救)using. Don’t go to the hospital if you are not badly hurtothers will really need help. Take part in the rescue action if you can.
   1.Who give readers the advice above?
       A. Doctors  B.  Scientists  C. Teachers  D. Parents
   2.What should people do if they are driving when an earthquake happens?
       A. Drive on quickly              B. Take care of the car
       C. Stop the car on the roadside      D. Jump out of the windows
   3.Why does the writer say “Don’t crowd in jam in public place”?
       A. Because people can lie down easily.
       B. Because people may get help quickly.
       C. Because in can help avoid falling over.
       D. Because it can help find a place to hide.
   4.What does the underlined word “engage” in the last paragraph mean in Chinese?
       A.占用       B.触摸     C.接通     D.修理
   5.Which of the following is TRUE according the last paragraph?
       A. Try to help the others if you can
       B. Stay in the dangerous building after the main shake
       C. Go to a doctor even though you are not badly hurt
       D. Keep making phone calls to tell your family that are safe.
衢州市2008年初中毕业生学业考试,
阅读理解C
 
    One afternoon little David was playing with his friends in the street 
when he was hit by a motorcycle. He fell and broke his arm. And he was 
immediately taken to a hospital. There a doctor operated on his arm and put 
in a cast(石膏).David couldn’t move it at all.
    You must keep your arm in the cast for a month.the doctor side.
That will give your arm a chance to become healthy again.
    At the end of a month David went back to the hospital. The doctor cut 
The cast and took David’s arm out of the cast.
    Can you move your armDavid?he asked.
    David tried to move your arm. At first it was difficultbut soon he could 
move it easily.
    Yesit’s fine,”he said.Thank you very much.
    In a few days it will be as good as new,”the doctor said.Just 
exercise it a little.
Will I be able to play the violin?David asked.
The doctor smiled.Of course you will,”  he said.You’ll have no problems.
That is good news.David said happily.Because I couldn’t play it at all before.
   1.How was David’s arm broken?
       A. He hurt it himself        B.A motorcycle hit him.
       C. His friend broke it        D. He fell off a motorcycle
   2.He had to keep his arm in a cast for about     days.
       A. twenty    B. thirty    C. forty     D .fifty
   3.The doctor told David to      after the cast was taken off.
       A. keep his arm still        B. play the violin
       C. exercise his arm a little   D. ride a motorcycle
义乌市2008年初中毕业生学业考试,书面表达:
义乌作为一个国际商贸名城,吸引了越来越多的国内外游客来旅游购物。因此,建设一个绿色、文明的义乌现得尤为重要。请你以、How to build a greener city 为题,写一篇短文。
参考词:environment ,duty , rubbish ,plastic ,pollution , plant
要求:1)语句通顺、语意连贯、书写清楚。
2)词数80左右。文章来头已给出,不计词数。
3)可适当发挥(中文不得出现真实的人名与校名)。
As we know ,Yiwu is an international city.________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
Topic 16   谈论如何发出邀请及应答
(相关单元:八上:Unit 5,八下Unit 7
相关名词lesson today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week,
dish , litter, concert, match, weekday, line, 
相关动词mind, take ,cough break ,smoke chemistry, drop, , pick, ,allow , training
相关形容词,polite impolite careful, free ,whole over
相关代词another, , whom
相关副词 perhaps, , , 
相关短语:study for a test; have a piano lesson, would love ,have to ;
mind doing sth.; turn down ; wait in line; cut in line; break the rule; put out; bring you the wrong food; pick up;right away; not at all;
相关句型
1.-Can you come to /go to…/…?
2.-Would you mind doing sth.?
 -Would you mind not doing sth.?-
-Could you please do sth.? 
语法:
1.这里can you …?表示发出邀请,
2.mind +doing sth.
Would you mind doing sth.?回答:Sorry ,I’ll do it right away./Not at all …
Would you mind not doing sth.?回答:Sorry, I’ll go and…
相关阅读材料:金华市2008年初中毕业生学业考试,
阅读理解A
 
Dear parents,
Annual(一年一度)Sports Day –Wednesday18th June 2008 
King’s Park Stadium(体育馆)
We are pleased to invite you to our Annual Sports Day, which we are holding at King’s Park Stadium on Wednesday 18th June 2008 starting at noon .You’re welcome to  arrive at any time .
Morning school will finish at 11:15a.m. and this will let all boys make their own way to King’s Park . They should walk there . No buses will be provided. We hope to tell the results at about 3:30 p.m. No boys will be allowed to leave until the results are told.
If it rains heavily, boys will stay at school and have lessons .School will be over at 3:30p.m.as usual. So boys should bring books for all 5 lessons.
We hope you will be able to come and enjoy the Sports Day.
                                               Yours sincerely,
                                                John Hatch 
(   )1.The passage is most probably ______.
A. a letter   B. a postcard   C. an instruction    D. an advertisement
(   )2.When will the Sports Day start?
A. At 11:15   B .At 3:30  C. At noon  D. After 3:30
(   )3.From the passage we know______.
  A. boys leave school at 3:30p.m.every day
B. boys won’t have any lessons that day
C. boys will go to King’s Park by bus
D. only boys’ fathers are welcome to the Sports Day
相关书面表达:2006年江西中考书面表达
假设你是林华,今天在学校的公告栏上看到下面一则海报。现在请你写一封e-mail给你的好朋友Sam, 一个集邮爱好者,告诉他有关海报的内容,并邀请他和你一起去参观邮票展。
  
想度过一个特别的周末吗?来看看我们的邮展吧!这里将展示国内外各种邮票,还将出售有关邮票的书籍,另外我们还设有邮票交换角。
主办者:少年宫      点:艺术中心     间:1015日(星期六)
友情提示:参加者需准备6枚用以交换的邮票
注意:1.词数不少于80,开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。
               2.根据内容要点适当发挥,注意行文连贯。3.参考词汇:交换-exchange
Subject: Stamp Show                              From: Lin Hua            
Hi Sam, 
I have good news to tell you.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                If you’d like to go, please let me know.
Lin Hua
 
Topic17   谈论物品的所属及放置地点
相关单元(七上 Unit 2, 七上 Unit 4, 七上 Unit 5)
相关词汇
学习用品名词:pen, book, eraser, ruler, backpack , pencil sharpener, dictionary , notebook, ring, math
家具名词:△dresser, sofa, chair, drawer, bed, desk 
生活用品名词:thing, clock, CD, video, tape, hat, plant, bag, watch, collection
球类名词:baseball, soccer, ball, tennis, racket, bat, volleyball, basketball 
地点名词:school, class, room, club,
动词:thank, spell, need, have, has, let, does, can, do, please
形容词:interesting, boring, fun, difficult, relaxing, OK, great
代词:this, that, they, us, we, some, many, more,
副词:yes, no, not, well, but, only
疑问词:how, where,
 
相关短语
excuse me, in English, call sb at, in the lost and found case, a set of keys, play soccer, play tennis, play ping-pong, play computer games, watch TV, play sports, every day, on the floor, under the table, take …to, bring …to
 
相关句型
Is this your pencil?               Yes, it is. /No, it isn’t.          
What is this in English?           It’s a pencil.           
How do you spell pencil?        P-E-N-C-I-L.
Where’s my backpack?            It’s under the bed.
Are my books on the chair?        No, they aren’t.
I don’t know.
Do you have a basketball?         Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.
Does he have a tennis racket?       Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.
Let’s watch TV.                  That sounds good.
 
相关语法
1. thisthat
2. bringtake的区别
3. have 的用法及与there be句型的区别
 
相关阅读材料
2008 温州市中考卷
任务型阅读
72  Found: Notebook
    Is this your notebook?
    Please call Mary. Phone N235-0285
    (F. Lost and Found)
 
相关书面表达
2008 衢州市中考卷
书面表达
91.看到这张图你想到了什么?请根据所给图片写三句话。

 

1_____________________________________
2_____________________________________
3_____________________________________
 
 
Topic18   谈论计划
相关单元 (七上Unit 9, 八上 Unit 3, 八上 Unit 10)
相关词汇
电影名词:action, comedy, documentary, thriller
身份名词:engineer, pilot, artist, student, exchange student ,tourist
地点名词:Europe, lake, countryside, nature
其他名词:history, postcard, bike, instrument, fax, lady, kind
动词:find, think, learn, plan, send, ride, rent, camp, forget, finish, travel, act, grow, move, dream, teach, build, leave, save, hold, retire, communicate
形容词:△scary, funny, sad, exciting, favorite, new, professional, successful, famous, foreign, rich, fit
副词:really, often, too, yet, away ,somewhere
代词:someone, who, something
介词:with, about, over
 
相关短语
go to a movie, on weekends, go camping, relax at home, go hiking, how long, go away, have a good time, get back, send sb sth, show sb sth, go bike hiking, go sightseeing, take walks, go fishing, rent videos, take a vacation, think about, this time, something different, plan to do, spend time, in the countryside, all my problems, at night, sleep a lot, can’t wait to do sth, finish doing sth, make movies, ask sb about sth, a good place to do sth, grow up, practice doing sth, take acting lessons, move to, somewhere interesting, a part-time job, a year or two, save money, at an art school, at the same time, hold art exhibitions, trip all over the world, New Year’s Resolutions, play an instrument, make a soccer team, get good grades, get lots of exercise, take guitar lessons, a foreign language, get a letter(from sb), play sports, keep fit, communicate with …, find a job, have a welcome party, work hard, 
 
相关句型
Do you want to go to a movie?          Yes, I do. I want to go to an action movie.
What kind of movie do you like?  
I like action movies and thrillers, but I don’t like documentaries.
What are you doing for vacation?        I’m spending time with my friends.
When are you going?                  I’m going next week.
How long are you staying?              We’re staying for two weeks.
What are you going to be when you grow up?      I’m going to be a computer programmer.
How are you going to do that?                  I’m going to study computer science.
I’m not sure yet.
 
相关语法 
1.在一般现在时中want的用法。
2.用现在进行时表示将要发生的动作。 
3.一般将来时和be going to 表示将来。
  
相关书面表达
2008 绍兴市中考卷
书面表达